JAZZ, JEWS, and AFRICAN AMERICANS:
Cultural Intersections in Newark
This unique exhibit
explores the connections and interactions between Jews and African Americans in the performance, production and promotion
of Jazz music. Utilizing visual materials (photographs, documents, and text), it tells the story of how Jews influences and
were influenced by this African American art form as it has moved from the margins of society to occupy a central place in
the American musical and cultural landscape.
It chronicles the interactions between Jews and African Americans, as well as prominent
Newark institutions and musicians, throughout the history of jazz to the present day. It highlights the many roles that
Jews have assumed in jazz, from musicians, composers, and songwriters, to record company executives and producers, to writers,
critics, historians, photographers, and more.
Newarkers to be profiled include Wayne Shorter, Sarah Vaughan, Amiri Baraka,
Lorraine Gordon, Rhoda Scott, James Moody, James P. Johnson, Grachan Moncur III, Teddy Reig, Paul Bacon, Barbara Kukla, Dan
Morgenstern, Ed Berger, and others. The exhibit will also illuminate
the state of jazz in Newark today.
In addition, it will address longstanding and sensitive issues that arise when
evaluating the contributions of other groups, including Jews, to an essentially African American art form. These issues include
the blackface tradition, most popularly recalled by Al Jolson's performance in The Jazz Singer (1927), and the question of
whether those non-African Americans were guilty of appropriating jazz to succeed in the entertainment business.
examined will be the degradation of Jews, African Americans, and jazz through Nazi propaganda, which disparaged jazz as "degenerate
art," as well as the writings of automobile magnate Henry Ford, who railed against "Jewish Jazz" and its creators
for their allegedly insidious monopolization of American popular music.
"An exhibit that chronicles the relationship between Jews and African Americans as it relates to
America's only original contribution to world culture is long overdue,"
said Vincent Pelote, director of operations for the Institute of Jazz Studies. "The finished project will be something that all the institutions involved in its creation can take pride in."